History of Ranakpur
Ranakpur is named after Rana Kumbha whom Dharna Sah, a Jain
businessman, approached when he had the vision of his great temple
to ask for the land for its construction. Renowned for some
marvelously carved Jain temples in amber stone, Ranakpur is amongst
the five holiest places of the Jain community and exceptional in
beauty. These temples were constructed in the AD 1439. It is located
in the mountain ranges of Pali district, 39 kms. away from the
Phalna railway station. Ranakpur is reached after passing lush green
valleys and streams and the heart capturing views drive away any
fatigue of the journey. The Ranakpur Jain Temple were built during
the reign of the liberal and gifted monarch Rana Kumbha in the 15th
century. An enormous basement covers 48,000 sq. feet area. There are
four subsidiary shrines, twenty four pillared halls and eligibly
domes supported by over four hundred columns. The total number of
columns is 1,444 all of which are intricately carved no two being
alike. The artistically carved nymphs playing the flute in various
dance postures at a height of 45 feet are an engrossing sight. In
the assembly hall, there are two big bells weighing 108 kgs. whose
sound echoes in the entire complex.
About Jain Temples
The Ranakpur Complex hold an exceptional beauty, which is well worth
seeing, and makes for a convenient stop between Jodhpur and Udaipur.
It is tucked away in remote and quite valley of the Aravalli Range,
90km from Udaipur.
The main temple is the Chaumukha Temple, or Four-Faced Temple,
dedicated to Adinath, the first tirthankar (Jain Teacher). Built in
1439, this huge, superbly crafted and well-kept marble temple has 29
halls supported by 14 pillars - no two are alike. Within the complex
are two other Jain temples (dedicated to Neminath and Parasnath)
and, a short distance away, a Sun Temple. Amba Mata Temple is 1 km
from the main complex.
How to reach there...
is 98 kms from Udaipur towards Jodhpur. Falna is the major rail head
for Ranakpur. Nearest airport is Udaipur.
Mahal - Symbol of Love
Mahal is regarded as the most perfect jewel of Muslim art in India.
This huge mausoleum mosque was built by Shah Jahan, the fifth Muslim
Mogul emperor, in memory of his beloved wife, a Persian princess
born as Arjuman Bano Begum but known as Mumtaz Mahal.
Pushkar Fair begins on Kartik Shukla Ekadashi, which falls in the
month of October-November and goes on for five long days till Kartik
Purnima. The fair is synonymous to a cattle fair.
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